# Maharashtra Board Class 12 Geography Important Questions Chapter 2 Population Part 2

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 12 Geography Important Questions Chapter 2 Population Part 2 Important Questions and Answers.

## Maharashtra State Board 12th Geography Important Questions Chapter 2 Population Part 2

Choose the correct option by identifying the correct correlation in the sentences.

Question 1.
In 2016, male and female literacy rate was the same in the …………….. region.
(a) Europe and North America
(b) North-East and South-East
(c) Latin America
(d) Southeast Asia
(a) Europe and North America

Question 2.
In 2016, the lowest male literacy rate was in …………….. region.
(a) Central Asia
(b) Sub-Saharan Africa
(c) Southeast Asia
(d) North America
(b) Sub-Saharan Africa

Question 3.
In 2016, male and female literacy rate was the same in …………….. region.
(a) Europe
(b) South Asia
(c) Sub-Saharan Africa
(d) Western Asia
(a) Europe

Question 4.
The highest sex ratio in the world is recorded in …………….. country.
(a) Ukraine
(b) India
(c) China
(d) Afghanistan
(a) Ukraine

Question 5.
On an average the world population reflects the sex ratio …………….. females per 1000 men.
(a) 667
(b) 990
(c) 1162
(d) 960
(b) 990

Question 6.
There are …………….. females per 1000 males in Saudi Arabia.
(a) 1162
(b) 990
(c) 667
(d) 867
(c) 667

Question 7.
In 2011, 48.96 percentage population in India was engaged in …………….. occupation.
(a) primary
(b) secondary
(c) tertiary
(d) quaternary
(a) primary

Identify the correct co-relation

Question 1.
A – Large size population in the age group of 15 to 59 indicate large size independent population.
R – The number of children in 0-15 age group indicate high dependency ratio.
(a) Only A is correct.
(b) Only R is correct.
(c) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
(d) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(d) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Question 2.
A – The sex ratio is an important information about the status of men in the country.
R – The ratio between the number of women and men in the population is called sex ratio.
(a) Only A is correct.
(b) Only R is correct.
(c) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
(d) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(b) Only R is correct.

Question 3.
A – Migration brings changes in population.
R – If people migrate to any region the population of the region will change.
(a) Only A is correct.
(b) Only R is correct.
(c) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
(d) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.

Question 4.
A – The recipient region may face a pressure on housing.
R – Lack of housing leads to increase in slums.
(a) Only A is correct.
(b) Only R is correct.
(c) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
(d) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.

Identify the incorrect factor.

Question 1.
Primary occupations
(a) Cultivators
(b) Forestry
(c) Construction
(d) Mining
(c) Construction

Question 2.
Secondary occupations
(a) Heavy industry
(b) Fishing
(c) Small scale industry
(d) Construction work
(b) Fishing

Question 3.
Tertiary occupations
(b) Commerce
(c) Manufacturing
(d) Communication
(c) Manufacturing

Question 4.
Quaternary occupations
(a) Education
(b) Medicine
(c) Research
(d) Communication
(d) Communication

Question 5.
Examples of short-term migration
(a) Tourist
(b) Migration in search of fodder
(c) Migration of labour in sugarcane production areas
(d) Migration to Mumbai for jobs
(d) Migration to Mumbai for jobs

Question 6.
Economic factors responsible for migration.
(a) Jobs
(b) Education
(d) Improved standard of living
(b) Education

Question 7.
Physical factors responsible for migration.
(a) Drought
(b) Earthquakes
(c) Cyclones
(d) Discrimination
(d) Discrimination

Question 8.
Social factors responsible for migration.
(a) Education
(b) Marriage
(c) Health
(d) Improved standard of living
(d) Improved standard of living

Question 9.
Tertiary Occupations
(a) Doctors
(b) Teachers

Question 10.
Physical factors responsible for migration.
(a) Volcanoes
(b) Tsunami
(c) Jobs
(d) Droughts
(c) Jobs

Question 11.
Social factors responsible for migration
(a) Discrimination
(b) Education
(c) Standard of living
(d) Medical facilities
(c) Standard of living

Complete the Chain

Question 1.

 A B C (1) Physical (1) Forcing to migrate (1) Discrimination (2) Economic (2) Earthquake (2) Floods (3) Social (3) Standard of living (3) Business

 A B C (1) Physical (1) Earthquake (1) Floods (2) Economic (2) Standard of living (2) Business (3) Social (3) Forcing to migrate (3) Discrimination

Question 2.

 A B C (1) Physical (1) Marriage (1) Education (2) Economic (2) Drought (2) Volcano (3) Social (3) Business (3) Jobs

 A B C (1) Physical (1) Drought (1) Volcano (2) Economic (2) Business (2) Jobs (3) Social (3) Marriage (3) Education

Question 3.

 A B C (1) Primary Occupation (1) Trade (1) Fishing (2) Tertiary Occupation (2) Cultivation (2) Teaching (3) Quaternary Occupation (3) Medical (3) Communication

 A B C (1) Primary Occupation (1) Cultivation (1) Fishing (2) Tertiary Occupation (2) Trade (2) Communication (3) Quaternary Occupation (3) Medical (3) Education

Give geographical reasons.

Question 1.
Age structure affects economy of the country.

• The economic development of the country depends upon number of people in young age, adult age and old age groups.
• The population in young age group i.e., 0-15, are non-working and dependent population.
• The population in old age group i.e., 60+, are also non-working and dependent population.
• Larger percentage of old age population means more expenses on medical facilities.
• The population in adult age group i.e., 16-59, are working population and there is more economic development of the country.
• A greater proportion of young and old age group compared to adult age group leads to less economic development of the country.

Question 2.
Many countries are considering to increase retirement age.

• Generally, retirement age is 60 years in most of the countries. People of this age come under non-productive or dependent age group.
• In most of the countries life expectancy of population is increasing so old age population is increasing.
• Due to high number of old age population government has to spend more on pension, retirement benefits, medical facilities etc.
• Due to high life expectancy people can work for longer than just 60 years of age.
• Therefore, many countries are considering to increase retirement age.

Differentiate between.

Question 1.
Internal migration and External migration

 Internal migration External migration (i) Internal migration means migration of people within the political boundaries of the country. (i) External migration means migration of people outside the political boundaries of the country. (ii) People do not leave the country, they migrate within their country. (ii) People leave the country and go to another country. (iii) People migrate from one city to another city, from one district to another district, from one state to another state or region in the country. (iii) People migrate from one country to another country or one region to another region in the world. (iv) For example, people going to Mumbai from other states of India for jobs. (iv) For example, Africans migrating to other countries for higher education.

Answer the following question by using given map/graph.

Question 1.
What is shown in the map?
World density of population is shown in the map.

Question 2.
Name any two continents having the same density and population.
North America and South America have the same density and population.

Question 3.
Name any two countries having more than 500 persons per sq. km.
Bangladesh and Japan are two countries having more than 500 persons per sq. km.

Question 4.
What is the density of population in China?
Density of population in China is 200-250 persons per sq. km.

Answer the following questions in detail.

Question 1.
Causes of migration
There are various causes of migration of people from one area to another areas. The causes of migration can be classified into four categories namely physical, economic, social and political causes.
(i) Physical causes:

• Sometimes there are changes in physical environment of some areas and people are forced to migrate.
• Natural disasters like flooding, droughts, earthquakes, cyclones, tsunami, etc, create unfavourable physical environment, so people migrate from that area.

(ii) Economic causes:

• Sometimes people migrate to other places for economic reasons.
• If there is no employment opportunities or limited resources, people migrate to areas where job or business opportunities are available.
• Some people even though they have recourses in their area migrate to other areas to improve their standard of living.

(iii) Social causes:

• Sometimes people are compelled to migrate due to social problems.
• Due to lack of education, health or medical facilities people migrate to other areas.
• Some females migrate to husband and place of residence after marriage.
• Sometimes people are victim of discrimination by certain groups, so people are forced to migrate.

(iv) Political causes:

• Sometimes due to political instability or war conditions people feel unsafe so they move to other areas or countries.
• For example: Many Pakistanis migrated to India after the partition.