Maharashtra Board 12th Commerce Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Mathematical Logic Ex 1.2

Balbharati Maharashtra State Board 12th Commerce Maths Solution Book Pdf Chapter 1 Mathematical Logic Ex 1.2 Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board 12th Commerce Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Mathematical Logic Ex 1.2

Question 1.
Express the following statements in symbolic form:
(i) e is a vowel or 2 + 3 = 5.
Solution:
Let p : e is a vowel.
q: 2 + 3 = 5.
Then the symbolic form of the given statement is p ∨ q.

(ii) Mango is a fruit but potato is a vegetable.
Solution:
Let p : Mango is a fruit.
q : Potato is a vegetable.
Then the symbolic form of the given statement is p ∧ q. (iii) Milk is white or grass is green.
Solution:
Let p : Milk is white.
q : Grass is green.
Then the symbolic form of the given statement is p ∨ q.

(iv) I like playing but not singing.
Solution:
Let p : I like playing.
q : I am not singing.
Then the symbolic form of the given statement is p ∧ q.

(v) Even though it is cloudy, it is still raining.
Solution:
The given statement is equivalent to:
It is cloudy and it is still raining.
Let p : It is cloudy.
q : It is still raining.
Then the symbolic form of the given statement is p ∧ q.

Question 2.
Write the truth values of the following statements:
(I) Earth is a planet and Moon is a star.
Solution:
Let p : Earth is a planet.
q : Moon is a star.
Then the symbolic form of the given statement is p ∧ q.
The truth values of p and q are T and F respectively.
∴ the truth value of p ∧ q is F. …[T ∧ F ≡ F]

(ii) 16 is an even number and 8 is a perfect square.
Solution:
Let p : 16 is an even number.
q : 8 is a perfect square.
Then the symbolic form of the given statement is p ∧ q.
The truth values of p and q are T and F respectively.
∴ the truth value of p ∧ q is F. ….[T ∧ F ≡ F] (iii) A quadratic equation has two distinct roots or 6 has three prime factors.
Solution:
Let p : A quadratic equation has two distinct roots.
q : 6 has three prime factors.
Then the symbolic form of the given statement is p ∨ q.
The truth values of both p and q are F.
∴ the truth value of p ∨ q is F. …..[F ∨ F ≡ F]

(iv) The Himalayas are the highest mountains but they are part of India in the northeast.
Solution:
Let p : the Himalayas are the highest mountains.
q : They are part of India in the northeast.
Then the symbolic form of the given statement is p ∧ q.
The truth values of both p and q are T.
∴ the truth value of p ∧ q is T. …..[T ∧ T ≡ T]