Balbharati Maharashtra State Board 11th Commerce Maths Solution Book Pdf Chapter 8 Continuity Miscellaneous Exercise 8 Questions and Answers.

## Maharashtra State Board 11th Commerce Maths Solutions Chapter 8 Continuity Miscellaneous Exercise 8

I. Discuss the continuity of the following functions at the point(s) or in the interval indicated against them.

Question 1.

If f(x) = 2x^{2} – 2x + 5 for 0 ≤ x < 2

= \(\frac{1-3 x-x^{2}}{1-x}\) for 2 ≤ x < 4

= \(\frac{7-x^{2}}{x-5}\) for 4 ≤ x ≤ 7 on its domain.

Solution:

The domain of f is [0, 5) ∪ (5, 7]

We observe that x = 5 is not included in the domain as f is not defined at x = 5

a. For 0 ≤ x < 2

f(x) = 2x^{2} – 2x + 5

It is a polynomial function and is continuous at all point in [0, 2)

b. For 2 < x < 4

f(x) = \(\frac{1-3 x-x^{2}}{1-x}\)

It is a rational function and is continuous everwhere except at points where its denominator becomes zero.

Denominator becomes zero at x = 1

But x = 1 does not lie in the interval.

f(x) is continuous at all points in (2, 4)

c. For 4 < x ≤ 7, x ≠ 5

i.e. for x ∈ [4, 5) ∪ (5, 7]

∴ f(x) = \(\frac{7-x^{2}}{x-5}\)

It is a rational function and is continuous everywhere except possibly at points where its denominator becomes zero.

Denominator becomes zero at x = 5

But x = 5 ∉ [4, 5) ∪ (5, 7]

∴ f is continuous at all points in (4, 7] – {5}.

d. Since the definition of function changes around x = 2, x = 4 and x = 7

∴ there is disturbance in behaviour of the function.

So we examine continuity at x = 2, 4, 7 separately.

Continuity at x = 2:

\(\lim _{x \rightarrow 2^{-}} f(x)=\lim _{x \rightarrow 2^{-}}\left(2 x^{2}-2 x+5\right)\)

= 2(2)^{2} – 2(2) + 5

= 8 – 4 + 5

= 9

∴ f is continuous at x = 2

e. Continuity at x = 4:

∴ f is continuous at x = 4

Question 2.

f(x) = \(\frac{3^{x}+3^{-x}-2}{x^{2}}\) for x ≠ 0

= (log 3)^{2} for x = 0 at x = 0

Solution:

∴ \(\lim _{x \rightarrow 0} f(x)=f(0)\)

∴ f is continuous at x = 0

Question 3.

f(x) = \(\frac{5^{x}-e^{x}}{2 x}\) for x ≠ 0

= \(\frac{1}{2}\) (log 5 – 1) for x = 0 at x = 0

Solution:

∴ \(\lim _{x \rightarrow 0} f(x)=f(0)\)

∴ f is continuous at x = 0

Question 4.

f(x) = \(\frac{\sqrt{x+3}-2}{x^{3}-1}\) for x ≠ 1

= 2 for x = 1, at x = 1

Solution:

∴ \(\lim _{x \rightarrow 1} \mathrm{f}(x) \neq \mathrm{f}(1)\)

∴ f is discontinuous at x = 1

Question 5.

f(x) = \(\frac{\log x-\log 3}{x-3}\) for x ≠ 3

= 3 for x = 3, at x = 3

Solution:

(II) Find k if following functions are continuous at the points indicated against them.

Question 1.

f(x) = \(\left(\frac{5 x-8}{8-3 x}\right)^{\frac{3}{2 x-4}}\) for x ≠ 2

= k for x = 2 at x = 2

Solution:

Question 2.

f(x) = \(\frac{45^{x}-9^{x}-5^{x}+1}{\left(k^{x}-1\right)\left(3^{x}-1\right)}\) for x ≠ 0

= \(\frac{2}{3}\) for x = 0, at x = 0

Solution:

Question 3.

f(x) = \((1+k x)^{\frac{1}{x}}\), for x ≠ 0

= \(e^{\frac{3}{2}}\), for x = 0, at x = 0

Solution:

III. Find a and b if following functions are continuous at the point indicated against them.

Question 1.

f(x) = x^{2} + a, for x ≥ 0

= 2\(\sqrt{x^{2}+1}\) + b, for x < 0 and

f(1) = 2, is continuous at x = 0

Solution:

Question 2.

f(x) = \(\frac{x^{2}-9}{x-3}\) + a, for x > 3

= 5, for x = 3

= 2x^{2} + 3x + b, for x < 3

is continuous at x = 3

Solution:

Question 3.

f(x) = \(\frac{32^{x}-1}{8^{x}-1}\) + a, for x > 0

= 2, for x = 0

= x + 5 – 2b, for x < 0

is continuous at x = 0

Solution: